BIE-SAP – Computer Structures and Architectures


Students understand basic digital computer units and their structures, functions, and hardware implementation: ALU, control unit, memory system, inputs, outputs, data storage and transfer. In the labs, students gain practical experience with the design and implementation of the logic of a simple processor using modern digital design tools.

Lecture Program

  1. Introduction, basic architecture of a computer, data representation.
  2. Logic functions and their descriptions, combinatorial circuits, implementation using gates.
  3. Sequential circuits. Synchronous design, implementation using gates and flip-flops. Mealy and Moore automata.
  4. Typical combinatorial and sequential components of a computer, their implementations (encoder, adder, counter, register).
  5. Data, its representation and processing.
  6. Arithmetic operations with signed numbers. Fix-point and floating point numbers.
  7. Implementation of arithmetic operations.
  8. Memories - memory cell structure, static and dynamic memories.
  9. Memory subsystem of a computer. Peripheral devices.
  10. Instructions and machine code.
  11. Instruction set architecture, processor design.
  12. The SAP processor.
  13. Control units, basic types of processors.

Labs Program

  1. Adders, gates, practical implementation.
  2. Boolean algebra, minimization, gates.
  3. Combinatorial circuits, converters.
  4. Minimization, gate-level design, logic functions.
  5. Sequential circuits, counter, sequence matching.
  6. Sequential design, graph of transitions, table, implementation using D-type flip-flops and gates.
  7. Architecture of the AVR processor, sample program.
  8. Arithmetics, addition, negative numbers, overflow, complement code.
  9. Program - shifts, ASCII.
  10. Test, project assignment. Assembler.
  11. Project work - display.
  12. Arithmetic programs, shifts, control of peripherals.
  13. Project result presentations.

Last modified: 7.9.2010, 11:11